Trampoline Gymnastics includes Individual Trampoline, Synchronized Trampoline, Double Mini-Trampoline and Tumbling exercises performed by men and women. Only Individual Trampoline is included into the program of the Olympic Games. Individual Trampolinists may compete in Synchro and Double Mini-Trampoline, while Double Mini gymnasts may take part in Tumbling.
Difficulty and execution of jumps are evaluated in all performance programs. Time of flight (the amount of time a gymnast spends in the air) and horizontal displacement are added here in Individual Trampoline, while synchronism goes along with horizontal displacement in Synchronized Trampoline.
The origin of Trampoline Gymnastics is connected with gymnast George Nissen from the U.S. In 1934, inspired by watching circus acrobats falling onto flexible safety nets and using the rebound to perform acrobatic skills, Nissen constructed the first prototype of a trampoline and called it after “trampolín”, the Spanish word for springboard.
The first U.S. National Championships in Trampoline was held in 1948, and the World Championships was held in London (Great Britain) in 1964. After this Championships, the International Trampoline Federation (FIT) was established and recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1988.
Tumbling became a part of the World Championships in 1965, while Double Mini-Trampoline was included into its program in 1976 accordingly.
FIT was dissolved in 1998 and Trampoline became discipline of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) since 1999.
Individual Trampoline has been a part of the Olympic program since 2000 Games in Sydney. At present, the World Championships in this gymnastics discipline is held every year, except the year of the Olympic Games.
Tumbling, which is currently a part of Trampoline Gymnastics, was originally developed as one of the disciplines of sports acrobatics established in Azerbaijan in the 30s of the last century, as in the former USSR countries. Athletes of Azerbaijan SSR represented the Republic at the USSR Championships and the All-Union School Spartakiads.
With the election of First Vice-President of Azerbaijan Mrs. Mehriban Aliyeva as President of Azerbaijan Gymnastics Federation (AGF) in October 2002, some kind of revival period of gymnastics disciplines commenced in Azerbaijan. Since this year, tumbling has been developed by AGF, and, now it is a part of Trampoline Gymnastics.
The inclusion of Trampoline Gymnastics into the program of the 1st European Games held in Baku in 2015, has given an impetus to its development in our country since late 2013. As in all gymnastics disciplines, which newly took step towards development, foreign athletes and specialists were involved into the National Team at the first stage of development. Our gymnast Ilya Grishunin won the Bronze medal in the Individual Trampoline events within the framework of the European Games in Baku.
In 2016, gymnast Dmitriy Fedorovski became the Bronze medallist in the Double Mini-Trampoline competitions of the European Championships held in Valladolid (Spain), where Azerbaijan made its debut.
Our representative in Tumbling, Mikhail Malkin, won the Gold medal at the World Age Group Competitions held in Sofia (Bulgaria) in 2017 for the first time in history of Azerbaijani gymnastics.
Veronika Zemlianaia and Sviatlana Makshtarova, who competed in the Synchronized Trampoline program within the framework of the 2017 World Games in Wroclaw (Poland), won the “Silver” for the first time in the country's gymnastics history.
In 2018, our gymnasts brought both “Gold” and “Silver” medals to the team`s medal box at the Continental Championships in this gymnastics discipline, which was organized in our country for the first time. Our tumbler Mikhail Malkin became the Gold medallist, while our female representatives in Trampoline Gymnastics, Svetlana Makshtarova and Veronika Zemlianaia, won the Silver medals in the Synchronized program.
Our senior gymnasts have been among the prize-winners of the World Cup series and other competitions at different times, and have inspired the young growing generation with their successes.
Thus, our junior gymnasts have already represented our country with dignity on the international arena.
For the first time in history of Azerbaijani gymnastics, Magsud Mahsudov, who competed in the group of gymnasts aged 11-12, won the “Gold” in the individual program, while became the “Silver” medallist in the synchronized program together with Huseyn Abbasov at the World Age Group Competitions in Trampoline Gymnastics held in Tokyo (Japan) in 2019. Aleksey Karatashov, who represented our country among 11-12-year-old gymnasts in tumbling competitions within the framework of the same Championships, also became the Gold medallist.
In 2014, an Opening Ceremony of Milli Gimnastika Arenasi (MGA, National Gymnastics Arena) took place with a participation of the country’s President, Mr. Ilham Aliyev, and First Vice-President, AGF President, Mrs. Mehriban Aliyeva. This sports facility has all the necessary conditions for the training of the Azerbaijani National Team in Trampoline Gymnastics. Baku spectators watched the performances of the famous European Trampoline Gymnastics stars at this facility during the 1st European Games for the first time.
Later, there were successfully organized four World Cup series (2016, 2017, 2019, 2020) and the European Championships (2018) in Azerbaijan.
One of the main directions of the AGF’s activity is educating of specialists in this discipline and raising the level of their professional skills on a regular basis in our country. For this purpose, there were organized the FIG International Judges’ Course in Baku in 2014 for the first time, as well as the FIG Academy Level 1 for coaches in 2019 accordingly. The Federation periodically organizes national courses for coaches and judges.
Azerbaijani judges take part in the evaluation of performances at large-scale competitions. They are also invited to act as neutral judges of the events by relevant organizations.
In recent years, along with Baku, sections in a number of gymnastics disciplines have been opened in our regions. Currently, there is Trampoline Gymnastics section operating at Gakh Olympic Sports Complex, and Gakh representatives already demonstrated their skills at Azerbaijan Championship in 2019.
The works carried out by AGF in the direction of development of Trampoline Gymnastics have borne its fruits and facilitated to the increase of interest in Trampoline Gymnastics within a short period of time.
Some other sports, for example, diving uses the trampoline during the trainings;
World Championships are held 3 times in 4 years (in the year of the Olympics World Championships are not held); European Championships are held every two years;
Synchronized trampoline, tumbling and double mini-trampoline are presented at the World Games, which take place every four years.
Being a competitive sport, Trampoline Gymnastics also helps to keep fit. Jumping on Trampoline for about 1 hour facilitates to the burn of 250 kcal.
When George Nissen first demonstrated the trampoline invented by him, he jumped on the apparatus with a kangaroo.
During World War II, Trampoline was used to teach pilots air sense.
Synchronized Trampoline, Tumbling and Double Mini-Trampoline are included into the program of the World Games, which are held every 4 years.
The presence of spotters is obligatory during Trampoline events.